The Common Mormon is widely distributed across Asia. It is a jet black butterfly with row of white spots along the middle part of hindwing. 90–100 mm.
It is a dark-coloured swallow-tailed butterfly. The upper forewing has a series of white spots decreasing in size towards the apex. The upper hindwing has a complete discal band of elongated white spots. It may or may not have marginal red crescents. The males are generally smaller in size than the females but not always.
Baronet is widely found in India and Sri Lanka . In India its distribution ranges from Lower Himalayas to Southern India.
The male and the female both have tawny yellow upperside.The forewing has traverse black line below apex cell and a oval spot beyond encircling a small yellow spot, a broad short oblique discal bar and an angulated postdiscal lunular band , the costa narrowly and the termen shaded with black. Hind wing: a comparatively large triangular patch below the middle of the costa, a postdiscal evenly-curved series of spots and a broad band along the termen black.
The Larva is light green color with the purple spots on the dorsal .The sides of the larva contain row of ten horizontal spines covered with fine green hair. The Pupa is short broad and triangular.It is green in color and has gold spots and lines.
The Common Treebrown is a species of "Brown" butterfly [Subfamily of Brush-footed] found in Asia.
Males and females: Upperside vandyke-brown, slightly darker, especially in the female, towards apex of fore wing.
Male. Fore wing: a costal and two preapical spots white. Hind wing: the ocelli of the underside showing through, sometimes forming two or three obscure black spots ; two slender subterminal black lines. Underside paler, shaded with dark brown. Pore wing: narrow subbasal and outer cellular transverse sinuous white lines ; an irregular broad discal and a narrower postdiscal band white, forming a V, the latter bearing a series of four blind, dusky-black, fulvous-ringed ocelli; the two preapical white spots as on the upperside. distinct slender subterminal whitish and broader terminal ochraceous lines. Hind wing: a subbasal transverse sinuous white line; a postdiscal arched series of six black ocelli, their centres disintegrated, their inner ring ochraceous, outer brown, and the whole series bordered inwardly and outwardly by lilacine white lines; finally a slender white subterminal and a broader ochraceous terminal line as on the fore wing.
Female Upperside differs in having a broad, oblique, white, discal band on the fore wing and a spot below its posterior end in interspace 1, the inner border of the band bi-emarginate, the outer irregularly sinuous.. Underside as in the male, but the markings more pronounced, the white discal band on fore wing very prominent. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen brown; antennae preapically black, at apex ochraceous.
In the males the upperside is creamy white. Fore wing: the costa narrowly, the apex and terminal margin to middle of interspace 1 are black. An irregular, somewhat sinuous, black band extends obliquely from beyond the middle of the costa across the upper apex of the cell, and meets at interspace 1 the black on the terminal margin. Within the triangle thus formed is enclosed a rich orange-red patch that is traversed by the black veins and bears in interspaces 3 to 6 a postdiscal series of black inwardly-elongated spots. Hind wing: nearly uniform, touched with black on the terminal margin anteriorly and with a conspicuous postdiscal black spot in interspace 7. In some specimens there are one or two smaller spots in continuation of the series in the interspaces below.
The underside is white. The apical third of the fore wing and the whole of the hind wing are mottled, with more or less prominent brown stripe and spots. Costa of the fore wing and a fine line that runs from base of the hind wing through the cell, straight to the middle of the terminal margin, are brown. Antennae are dark brown. The head and thorax have anteriorly a reddish-brown pile. Thorax above is greyish-blue, while the abdomen is white with a bluish tinge. Beneath: head and thorax are more or less brownish, abdomen is white.
Female is similar to the male. Upperside: ground-colour with a slight greenish tinge. The orange patch on fore wing is more restricted, it consists of a series of brood streaks in interspaces 3 to 6 and 10, the outer apices of which are deeply incised by black and with a row of hastate orange spots beyond in interspaces 2 to 6. Hind wing: similar to the hind wing in the male, but with a postdiscal series of large triangular black spots and a terminal connected series of still larger triangular black spots at the apices of veins 2 to 7. Underside : similar to that in the male, the brown transverse strigae and spots are more numerous, the costa of the fore and the median line on the hind wing are very prominently brown. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen as in the male.
The Plum Judy is a small but striking butterfly found in Asia. This active butterfly is usually seen at the tops of trees and amidst foliage.
It has a habit of landing and turning around almost immediately after alighting. It repeats this turning movements as it moves along branches. This is believed to help in evading predators by causing confusion about head orientation.
This distinctive mode of movement gives the impression of 'dancing' and is an important field characteristic that helps in identifying the species from even a distance.
Zebra Blue closely resembles in both sexes on the upperside Common Tiger Blue, but the character and disposition of the markings on the underside are completely different. Male Upperside: dark violet with, in certain lights, a rich blue suffusion. Fore wing: no discocellular black spot so conspicuous in T. theophrastus; terminal margin with a narrow edging of fuscous black, widest at the apex, gradually decreasing to the tornus, followed by an inconspicuous anticiliary jet-black line. Hind wing : costal margin slightly but broadly shaded with fuscous, which is continued as a slender anticiliary black line to the tornus. Underside: white. Fore wing: with the following brownish-black markings:—an irregular edging along the costa to near the apex from which extends downwards a subbasal band, broadened across the cell and below it; an irregular band that extends along the discocellulars and below them to interspace 1 where it ends in a point; an upper discal curved band of more even width but dislocated below vein 4, the lower portion of it shifted inwards forms a large quadrate spot in interspace 3, below vein 3 the band is continued downwards by two small inconspicuous spots, beyond this is a very short acutely-pointed comma-shaped mark; a very regular evenly curved complete transverse lunular line, a transverse series of subterminal spots and an anticiliary slender line.
Larva is ale greenish yellow above, sides lilacine, a narrow brownish median line, followed by eight diagonal short streaks and six brownish-red spots. Before pupating the colouring gets much more diffused. Feeds among the flower-buds of Plumbago. Pupa is dull yellowish profusely mottled with brown spots.
The Monkey Puzzle is common and present in all the Western Ghat districts of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Goa. It is common but not found in all the Ghat districts of Maharashtra and does not occur in Gujarat at all.
This butterfly is found in jungle areas of moderate to heavy rainfall - both, in heavy forest and scrub. The butterfly occurs below 900 meters or so. It keeps to undergrowth and can be seen along forest paths and in clearings.
The butterfly has a weak flight, it stays low and does not fly for long without alighting. Its method of alighting is interesting - as soon as it lands, it turns around and waggles its tail filaments, it also sidesteps for a while - all this is apparently to confuse a predator as to which side is the head. This is a likely reason that the first naturalists may have named the species the Monkey Puzzle.
Sexes alike. Wingspan - 26 to 28 mm. Upperside - The butterfly is dark brown. It has a white-spot end cell. It has narrow white spots on 2 and 3 which form a short band on the forewing. On the UPH it has two black tornal spots and narrow dark reddish spot above them. Underside - The butterfly is white to dark yellowish brown. Forewing has irregular dark basal markings with a curved white discal line. The apical two-fifths are a rich dark brown colour. The hindwing has a silvery margin with many irregular black lines and spots within. It has three tails, being 2 mm, 6 mm and 2.5 mm in length.
Male upperside is dark brownish black, a broad medial oblique white band across both fore and hind wings, not extended on the fore wing above vein 5, above vein 3 produced shortly outwards and downwards into a hook-like form.
On the hind wing: a hook-shaped mark at base sometimes slender; an inwardly oblique short clavate bar from apex, three coalescent spots extended outwards from the dorsum above the tornus formed into a sinuate irregular mark; a spot further outwards in interspace 4; a terminal series of slender lunules and an anticilary fine line. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen black; beneath: the palpi, thorax and abdomen white.
The Common Pierrot is a small butterfly found in South Asia
Upperside is mainly white. Forewing has the costa, apex and termen edged with black, the edging much broader on apex and termen; base outwards for a short distance more or less densely overlaid. with metallic blue scales which cover and make indistinct a large basal outwardly clavate black spot; a transverse black oval spot on the discocellulars touching the black edging on the costa ; an oblique irregular line of four quadrate black spots beyond, the upper spot coalesced with the black on the costal border, the next spot below shifted outwards out of line, touching, as does also the lowest spot, the terminal black edging; posterior to this is a quadrate black spot in the apical half of interspace 2, and placed obliquely outwards from 1b coalescent with the terminal black border, another similar spot in interspace
The Tailed Jay is a predominantly green and black tropical butterfly that belongs to the swallowtail family. It is a common, nonthreatened species native to India, Sri Lanka through Southeast Asia and Australia. Several geographic races are recognized.
Male upperside black. Forewing with the following green markings: a spot at the extreme base of the costal margin, a transverse short bar near base of cell and seven spots beyond, two and two except the apical spot which is single ; two spots beyond apex of cell; a spot at base of interspaces 1a and 1, followed by two oblique short macular bands; a discal series of spots decreasing in size towards the costa, and a postdiscal series of smaller spots that begins with two in interspace 1; the spots in interspace 7 in both series are out of line, placed outwards. Hind wing: three series of similarly-coloured markings that ran transversely across the wing more or less parallel to the dorsal margin, the upper markings white; a short greenish stripe at the extreme base of the wing.
Dark Grass Blue is a small butterfly found in the Southern Mediterranean, in a broad band to India, Sri Lanka, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea and northern and eastern Australia. It belongs to Blues family.
As the common name suggests, this species is found in open grassy habitats. The butterfly is most abundant on the plains, where it swarms on flowery wasteland, but also commonly occurs on beach hinterlands, Savannah / woodland mosaics, Acacia scrub, forest glades and clearings, along well-drained riverbanks, and in parks, gardens and all manner of other grassy places.
The Plains Cupid is found in India and Singapore. They are among the few butterflies that breed on plants of the cycad family.
Male upperside is lavender-blue. Fore wing has the costa narrowly and terminal margin more broadly fuscous brown, the latter with in addition an anticiliary black line; cilia light brown transversely traversed close to but not at their bases by a dark brown line. Hind wing: costa narrowly fuscous brown; a sub-terminal series of black spots outwardly edged by a white line; the spot in interspace 2 the largest and inwardly crowned more or less broadly with ochraceous yellow; an anticiliary black line and the cilia as on the fore wing. Underside: greyish brown.
The Common Spotted Flat has a wingspan or around 30–35 mm. A dull black or brown butterfly with semi transparent spot on the wings and sometimes with no visible spots. The underside of the wings is grey-brown with diffused dark spots. The male and female are similar in shape and colour and with hardly any differentiation. Both sexes of the flat are similar in appearance, being dull brownish-black above and greyer in colour below. The butterflies have small, semi-transparent discal, cell and apical spots. The dark spots on the underside of the forewing are large, dark and diffused.
Wet-season form Male has a bluish-purple upperside. Fore wing has base and basal half of costa flushed with pale blue; costa and termen edged by a slender dark brownish-block even line, beyond which along the termen the cilia are brown, at base, white outwardly. Hind wing: costa somewhat broadly dusky black; a slender black conspicuous anticiliary line, beyond which the cilia are white traversed medially by a brown line; dorsum broadly pale brown, two subterminal pale-bordered black spots in interspace 1, and one similar spot in interspace 2, often obsolescent and barely indicated.
The Common Lascar is found in tropical and subtropical Asia. Both male and female have upperside black with orange markings. Fore wing: discoidal streak broad, anteriorly twice indented, at apex extending into base of interspace 3; posterior discal spots coalescent, forming an irregular oblique short broad band ; anterior spots also coalescent, oblique from costa; a postdiscal obscure grey incurved transverse line, and a very slender, also obscure, orange transverse subterminal line. Hind wing: a subbasal transverse broad band, and a much narrower postdiscal band curved inwards at the ends; beyond this the black terminal margin is traversed by a darker black subterminal line.
Upperside: ground-colour a clear pale blue of a much deeper tint; all the veins defined with black. Fore wing: costa broadly, apex and terminal margin very broadly black. Hind wing: dorsal and costal margins broadly whitish: terminal margin broadly black, especially at apex, the black area covered, except at the tornus, with specialised opaque-looking scales. Underside: paler blue, the terminal margins of the wings obscurely fuscous. Fore wing: the veins more or less broadly bordered with black. Hind wing: the subcostal vein and veins 6, 7, and 8 broadly, the rest of the veins very narrowly edged with black; a very fine black line in interspace 1.
The Blue Oakleaf is a butterfly found in India. The underside appears like a leaf complete with midrib while the upperside is brilliantly colored.
Males and females indigo-blue. Fore wing; with a broad, oblique, slightly curved, sinuous-edged, pale blue band, turning to white on the anterior half; the distance measured on the costa of the outer edge of thin band greater than half the length of the wing from the base; its inner margin bordered by short, obliquely-placed, detached linear black markings; apical area beyond the band jet-black, with a preapical whites spot; medial hyaline spots, the lower varying in size, in interspaces 2 and 3. Hind wing uniform, the costa and apex broadly and the abdominal fold brown ; vein 1 with long soft greyish-brown hairs along its length,extending also over the abdominal fold.
The Grass Demon is a small but prominent butterfly found in India that belongs to the Skippers, or Hesperiidae family. It is regarded as an occasional pest of ginger and turmeric.
The Grass Demon is a small butterfly with a wingspan of about 4 to 4.8 cm. It is black with a large white spot on the upperside of the hind wing and several smaller whites spots on the forewing. The underside of its wings is mostly white with brown edges and spots.
The Yamfly, is a species of lycaenid or blue butterfly found in Asia. They generally lay their eggs in plants like Asiatic Yam and Henna. It is easily distinguishable due to its bright orange-yellow color and tail.
Both male and female are very variable in markings and in the outline of the termen and dorsum ol the forewing. Upperside: forewing dark-brown glossed with brilliant blue, generally a spot at apex of cell, a small costal spot, two short streaks beyond apex of cell, subterminal and terminal series of spots, (in the female the latter series wanting) all bluish-white in colour. Hindwing brown, glossed with blue in the middle, sub-terminal series of spots incomplete or absent. Underside: not glossed with blue, spots more complete and clearly defined. Head and thorax spotted with bluish-white.
Male. Upperside olive brown : forewing with two small yellowish semi-transparent spots within end of cell, three before the apex, and in the male three oblique discal spots followed by a dark-bordered slender straight impressed glandular streak : hindwing with one or two very indistinct pale discal spots. Female with five discal spots in the forewing, and four or five in the hindwing. Underside paler ; markings more distinct ; hindwing also with a spot at upper end of the cell.
Male is dark brown without markings on UP. UPF of female bears two small semi transparent yellowish white spots. UN has purple gloss over brown and a bluish white outwardly diffused band with a black patch on lower wing tip.
Common bluebottle is a species of swallowtail butterfly, that is found in South and Southeast Asia, as well as eastern Australia. There are approximately sixteen subspecies with differing geographical distributions.
Upperside opaque black. Forewings and hindwings crossed from above the tornal area on the hindwing to near the apex of the forewing by a semi-hyaline broad pale blue medial band which is broadest in the middle, more or less greenish and macular anteriorly; the portion of the band that crosses interspaces 6, 7 and 8 on the hindwing white; beyond the band on the hindwing there is a sub-terminal line of blue slender lunules. Underside similar, ground colour dark brown.
HW has short tails. Overall black, with pale blue, partially transparent and has a series of bluish-green spots. UN brown with blue band paler and few red spots.
Tailless, occurs in two forms. Form clytia, rich velvety dark brown on upper side with cream markings. UPH is present with a central series of elongated arrowhead streaks, submarginal series of crescents and narrow yellow/white terminal spots. In form of dissimilis, upper ground color black with creamy white broad stripes. Both forms recognized by prominent yellow marginal spots on UNH.
Male Upperside: white, base of wings generally irrorated, but to a varying extent, with black scales. This irroration in many specimens is entirely wanting. Fore wing: with or without a minute black spot on the discocellulars; apex broadly carmine, edged internally and externally with black, this black border varies in width.
Female Upperside: white; base of wings lightly, often heavily, irrorated with greyish-black scales. In some specimens the irroration is very scanty, in others it occupies fully a third of the wings from base and extends as a broad band parallel to the dorsum on the hind wing. Fore wing: an apical carmine patch as in the male but smaller, sometimes reduced to a mere row of preapical pale rosy streaks, but always bordered externally, and generally internally also, by black of varying width.
UP has a bluish white transparent marking on dark brown. FW is pale with two streaks divided lengthwise by two fine dark lines. UN paler.
Brown UNH overlaid by grey scales with a number of sharply defined black spots which is important distinguishing feature from other skippers.
White UP, a characteristic hockey-stick shaped black bar at the end of cell and white streaked black wing tip on UPF. UN vary from white (DSF) to yellow (WSF), with black veins and spots.
Both sexes white on UP; UPF with black wing tip and large black spot. UNH streaked with fine greenish lines.
HW tailed. UN is white with black streaks and elongated marks. UP dull violet- blue in male and dull brown in female.
Male UP white, broad black edged orange apical patch with small black spot in UPF cell. UPH usually is with series of black spots. Female is similar, but dense grey dusting on inner side of the wing.
UP is salmon-pink with black outer edge border, touching the black spot at the cell end. UN greenish yellow.
Whitish butterfly with broad, white-spotted brown margins on UN of both wings, along with other bands. UNH has series of prominent central red spots. Long, sword-like tailed HW.
Mainly white, apical half on UPF black, enclosing a large orange patch with black border. Orange patch is narrow in female with four black spots.
Male UP yellow with half of forewing black bearing a large orange band towards the tip. Hindwing is with black border. Female UP white or yellow. The band on UPF tip is also white, no orange band. Black areas more extensive. The orange band reduced in size and bears two black spots.