Brush-footed butterflies

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78 records

The Nymphalidae is a family of about 5,000 species of butterflies which are distributed throughout most of the world. These are usually medium sized to large butterflies. Most species have a reduced pair of forelegs and many hold their colourful wings flat when resting. They are also called brush-footed butterflies or four-footed butterflies. Many species are brightly colored and include popular species such as the emperor, admirals, tortoiseshells and fritillaries. However, the underwings are in contrast often dull and in some species look remarkably like dead leaves, or are much paler, producing a cryptic effect that helps the butterfly disappear into its surroundings.

Records

Angled Castor

Total Photos: 3

Males and females have fore wing truncate at apex; termen angulated at interspace 5, and again at apex of vein 3, concave between; tornus obtusely angulate. Hind wing: termen more or less deeply scalloped. Male upperside ochraceous rufous ; a prominent white small subcostal spot before apex of fore wing; two or three dark brown marks in cell of both fore and hind wings, followed by subbasal, discal, two postdiscal, subterminal and terminal slender sinuous dark brown lines, crossing from costa of fore to vein 1 of hind wing; discocellular nervules of both wings defined by short dark brown lines ; cilia white, alternated with brown. Underside : ground-colour similar, but with a tint of brown. Fore and hind wings: some dark chestnut-brown spots or loop-like marks at base, followed by subbasal, discal and postdiscal broad chestnut-brown sinuous bands, interrupted on the fore wing by the sex-mark of specialized scales described below ; the postdiscal band on the hind wing traversed by a series of transverse dark spots in the interspaces. Lastly, both wings crossed by a subterminal zigzag, and a terminal, irregularly sinuous, dark brown line.

Angled Red Forester

Total Photos: 1

Anomalous Nawab

Total Photos: 1

Bamboo Treebrown

Total Photos: 2

Baronet

Total Photos: 2

Baronet is widely found in India and Sri Lanka . In India its distribution ranges from Lower Himalayas to Southern India.

The male and the female both have tawny yellow upperside.The forewing has traverse black line below apex cell and a oval spot beyond encircling a small yellow spot, a broad short oblique discal bar and an angulated postdiscal lunular band , the costa narrowly and the termen shaded with black. Hind wing: a comparatively large triangular patch below the middle of the costa, a postdiscal evenly-curved series of spots and a broad band along the termen black.

The Larva is light green color with the purple spots on the dorsal .The sides of the larva contain row of ten horizontal spines covered with fine green hair. The Pupa is short broad and triangular.It is green in color and has gold spots and lines.

Black Prince

Total Photos: 1

The Black Prince found in Asia. Male upperside deep velvety black, with one minute snow-white preapical spot on the fore wing; the cilia of both fore and hind wing alternately black and white. Underside dark purplish brown, shaded at base of wings and along costal margin and apex of fore wing with dark ferruginous; both fore and hind wing with two black spots in the discoidal area, followed by an auriform mark and an irregular median band, crossing both wings, of dark brown, markings outwardly obscurely and interruptedly bordered with lilacine; beyond the discal area both wings are shaded transversely with dark brown, succeeded by a subterminal dark line bordered inwardly with purple; fore wing with the white preapical spot larger; hind wing with a black white-centred minute subtornal spot. Antennae black ; head, thorax and abdomen velvety black, dark brown beneath.

Black Rajah

Total Photos: 2

Blackvein Sergeant

Total Photos: 1

Blue Oakleaf

Total Photos: 8

The Blue Oakleaf is a butterfly found in India. The underside appears like a leaf complete with midrib while the upperside is brilliantly colored.

Males and females indigo-blue. Fore wing; with a broad, oblique, slightly curved, sinuous-edged, pale blue band, turning to white on the anterior half; the distance measured on the costa of the outer edge of thin band greater than half the length of the wing from the base; its inner margin bordered by short, obliquely-placed, detached linear black markings; apical area beyond the band jet-black, with a preapical whites spot; medial hyaline spots, the lower varying in size, in interspaces 2 and 3. Hind wing uniform, the costa and apex broadly and the abdominal fold brown ; vein 1 with long soft greyish-brown hairs along its length,extending also over the abdominal fold.

Blue Pansy

Total Photos: 2

Upperside : somewhat more than half the fore wing from base velvety black, apical half dull fuliginous ; cell-area with or without two short transverse orange bars ; a blue patch above, the tornus; the outer margin of the basal black area obliquely zigzag in a line from the middle of costa to apex of vein 2, including a large discal, generally obscure ocellus, which, however, in some specimens is prominently ringed with orange-yellow. Beyond this a broad while irregularly oblique discal band followed by a short oblique preapical bar frm costa ; a small black orange-ringed ocellus beneath the bar, a subterminal continuous line of white spots in the interspaces and a terminal jet-black slender line; cilia alternately dusky black and white. Hind wing blue shaded with velvety black towards base; a postdiscal black white-centred orange and black-ringed ocellus in interspace 2, a round minutely white-centred velvety black spot (sometimes entirely absent) in interspace 5; the termen narrowly white, traversed by an inner and an outer subterminal and a terminal black line.

Underside fore wing: basal half with three black-edged, sinuous, broad, ochraceous-orange transverse bands, followed by the pale discal baud ; ocelli, preapical short bar, subterminal and terminal markings much as on the upperside; the discal band margined inwardly by a broad black angulated line which follows the outline of the black area of the upperside. Hind wing irrorated with dusky scales and transversely crossed by subbasal and discal slender zigzag brown lines and a postdiscal dark shade, on which are placed the two ocelli as on the upperside; sub terminal and terminal faint brown lines, and a brownish short streak tipped black at the tornal angle below the lower ocellus.

Blue Tiger

Total Photos: 5

Upperside black, with bluish-white semihyaline spots and streaks. Underside: basal two-thirds of fore wing dusky black, the apex and hind wing olive-brown; the spots and streaks much as on the upperside, Antennae, head and thorax black, the latter two spotted and streaked with, white; abdomen dusky above, ochraceous spotted with white beneath.

Blue-spotted Crow

Total Photos: 1

Brown King Crow

Total Photos: 3

Both male and female are very variable in markings and in the outline of the termen and dorsum ol the forewing. Upperside: forewing dark-brown glossed with brilliant blue, generally a spot at apex of cell, a small costal spot, two short streaks beyond apex of cell, subterminal and terminal series of spots, (in the female the latter series wanting) all bluish-white in colour. Hindwing brown, glossed with blue in the middle, sub-terminal series of spots incomplete or absent. Underside: not glossed with blue, spots more complete and clearly defined. Head and thorax spotted with bluish-white.

Chestnut Tiger

Total Photos: 1

Chestnut-streaked Sailer

Total Photos: 1

Upperside fuliginous black, the interspaces between the veins deeper black, very conspicuous in certain lights, particularly so between the subbasal and postdiscal markings on the hind wing; the white markings suffused with very pale bluish green; the posterior two spots of the discal series on the fore wing subequal; the postdiscal macular band on the hind wing with a tendency to obsolescence, varying from a narrow series of white lunules to a somewhat diffuse transverse narrow pale band.

Chocolate Pansy

Total Photos: 3

It is about 5–6 cm (2.0–2.4 in) in wingspan and the female can be told apart from the male by white markings on the oblique line on the underside of the hind wing. The wavy lines on the underside of the wings vary from wet to dry season forms.

Clear Sailer

Total Photos: 1

Clipper

Total Photos: 1

The Clipper is found in South and South-East Asia, mostly in forested areas. The Clipper is a fast flying butterfly and has a habit of flying with its wings flapping stiffly between the horizontal position and a few degrees below the horizontal. It may glide between spurts of flapping.

Male and female. Upperside : ground-colour a bright purple, the subhyaline white spots near the apex of cell in the fore wing more opaque, the broad discal band of large white spots proportionately more basal further from the termen and very irregular, the spots, especially towards the hinder part of the wing, more widely separated, the spot in interspace 5 more acutely triangular and smaller, the two spots above shifted obliquely inwards towards the costa, making the outer margin of the discal band angulate at interspaces 5 and 6. Hind wing: the postdiscal and sub-terminal markings broader and more diffuse than in P. gambrisius, giving a dark shade to the whole of the apical half of the wing.

Color Sergeant

Total Photos: 1

Commander

Total Photos: 2

The Commander, is a medium-sized strikingly coloured butterfly found in Asia. It has a wingspan of about 6 to 7.5 cm. The upperside of its wings are a bright reddish brown. Towards the centre of the wing are broad white spots. In flight, one can see a bright red brown butterfly with a white band forming a 'V shape'. There are also a few white spots scattered on the wings. The undersides of the wings are a whitish gray toward the base and have a row of dull reddish brown and a row of black spots along the margins.

Common Baron

Total Photos: 3

The Common Baron is a medium-sized butterfly native to India and Southeast Asia. It flies with stiff wing beats and often glides. The wing is not flapped very far below the horizontal.

The male is brown with slight traces of olive. The forewing has two transverse short black lines at the base, a black loop across the middle, and another beyond apex of cell, with their centres dark brown, followed by an angulated discal dark brown band bordered outwardly by a series of five white spots; two preapical white spots beyond and a broad, somewhat diffuse, subterminal black band broadening over the apex and angulated inwards in interspace

Common Bushbrown

Total Photos: 1

UN brown color with pale lines. UNF bears two-three eyespots; UNH has seven spots, out of these eyespots the central eyespot is shifted out towards the outer edge. DSF - the transverse band is insignificant and spots reduced to minute dots if present. Markings vary in seasonal forms.

Common Castor

Total Photos: 2

Common Castor is an orange butterfly with brown lines. It is similar in appearance to Angled Castor. This species is found in south-eastern Asia. Their wingspan ranges between 30–35mm. Like others in the Nymphalidae family, their front two legs are small and unused, effectively making them four-legged. These smaller appendages are covered with long hairs, giving them the characteristic brush look.

Common Evening Brown

Total Photos: 4

The common evening brown, is a common species of butterfly found flying at dusk. The flight of this species is erratic. They are found in Africa, South Asia and South-east Asia extending to parts of Australia.Adults feed mainly on nectar, and in rare cases visit rotting fruits.

Common Five-ring

Total Photos: 2

Common Fourring

Total Photos: 3

Upperside greyish brown. Fore wing with the usual comparatively large, bi-pupilled, yellow-ringed, black pre-apical ocellus. Hind wing usually with two, sometimes with three, very rarely without any, smaller similar uni-pupilled post-discal ocelli. Fore wing with the preapical ocellus as on the upperside, obscure discal and subterminal dull brown transverse fasciae and a narrow brown ring round the ocellus diffusely produced posteriorly. Antenna, head, thorax and abdomen greyish brown, the abdomen paler beneath.

Expanse: 40–44 mm

Common Indian Crow

Total Photos: 3

The Common Indian Crow is a common butterfly found in South Asia. It is a glossy black butterfly with brown underside with white marks along the outer margins of the wing. The wingspan is about 8–9 cm and the body also has prominent white spots.

On hot days large numbers of these butterflies can be seen mud-puddling on wet sand. This butterfly also gathers on damaged parts of plants to forage for chemicals precursors to produce pheromones.

Common Lascar

Total Photos: 4

The Common Lascar is found in tropical and subtropical Asia. Both male and female have upperside black with orange markings. Fore wing: discoidal streak broad, anteriorly twice indented, at apex extending into base of interspace 3; posterior discal spots coalescent, forming an irregular oblique short broad band ; anterior spots also coalescent, oblique from costa; a postdiscal obscure grey incurved transverse line, and a very slender, also obscure, orange transverse subterminal line. Hind wing: a subbasal transverse broad band, and a much narrower postdiscal band curved inwards at the ends; beyond this the black terminal margin is traversed by a darker black subterminal line.

Common Leopard

Total Photos: 3

The Common Leopard is a medium sized butterfly with a wingspan of 50–55 mm with a tawny colour and marked with black spots. The underside of the butterfly is more glossy than the upper and both the male and female are similar looking. A more prominent purple gloss on the underside is found in the dry season form of this butterfly.

It is a sun-loving butterfly and avoids shade.

Common Map

Total Photos: 1

Males and females upperside white, in many specimens pale ochraceous yellow, veins black. Fore wing with four very slender irregularly sinuous transverse black lines, the costal margin shaded with ochraceous at base and fuscous beyond; cell crossed by three or four additional line short lines; a postdiscal very incomplete series of white-centred broad fuscous rings in the interspaces, tinged with ochraceous near the tornus and broadly interrupted in interspaces 3 and 4 ; beyond this two transverse black lines not reaching the dorsal margin, shaded with fuscous between; the apex broadly and the termen also shaded with fuscous. Hind wing with three transverse fine lines; a pair of postdiscal broad black lines shaded with light sepia-brown between, forming a conspicuous band, the outer line broken and incomplete, followed by two irregular line black lines, a subterminal more pronounced black line, and posteriorly a narrow black terminal margin ; dorsal margin broadly fuscous at base; apical half and the tornal area and lobe rich ochraceous, with some sepia-brown and black markings. Underside similar, the markings of the upperside showing through by transparency; the ochraceous shading on dorsum and tornal area on hind wing of less extent, but the tornal lobe darker ochraceous with a central large round black spot.

Common Nawab

Total Photos: 1

Common Palmfly

Total Photos: 2

This butterfly species is dimorphic, males and females do not look alike. Males exhibit black colored upperside forewings with small blue patches and reddish brown color on upperside hindwings, while the females mimic butterfly species of the genus Danaus.

Common Sailer

Total Photos: 3

Neptis hylas found in throughout continental India, Sri Lanka, Assam, Myanmar, extending to China and Indomalaya. It has a characteristic stiff gliding flight achieved by short and shallow wingbeats just above the horizontal.

Dry-season form - Upperside black, with pure white markings. Fore wing discoidal streak clavate, apically truncate, subapically either notched or sometimes indistinctly divided; triangular spot beyond broad, well-defined, acute at apex, but not elongate ; discal series of spots separate, not connate, each about twice as long as broad; postdiscal transverse series of small spots incomplete, but some are always present. Hind wing: subbasal band of even or nearly oven width ; discal and subterminal pale lines obscure; postdiscal series of spots well separated, quadrate or subquadrate, very seldom narrow. Underside from pale golden ochraceous to dark ochraceous almost chocolate ; white markings as on the upperside, but broader and defined in black.

Common Three-ring

Total Photos: 1

Common Tiger

Total Photos: 1

The wingspan is 75 to 95 mm. Both sexes of the butterfly have tawny wings with veins marked with broad black bands. The underside of the wings resembles the upperside but is paler in colouration. The male Common Tiger has a prominent black-and-white spot on the underside of the hindwing.

Common Treebrown

Total Photos: 2

The Common Treebrown is a species of "Brown" butterfly [Subfamily of Brush-footed] found in Asia.

Males and females: Upperside vandyke-brown, slightly darker, especially in the female, towards apex of fore wing.

Male. Fore wing: a costal and two preapical spots white. Hind wing: the ocelli of the underside showing through, sometimes forming two or three obscure black spots ; two slender subterminal black lines. Underside paler, shaded with dark brown. Pore wing: narrow subbasal and outer cellular transverse sinuous white lines ; an irregular broad discal and a narrower postdiscal band white, forming a V, the latter bearing a series of four blind, dusky-black, fulvous-ringed ocelli; the two preapical white spots as on the upperside. distinct slender subterminal whitish and broader terminal ochraceous lines. Hind wing: a subbasal transverse sinuous white line; a postdiscal arched series of six black ocelli, their centres disintegrated, their inner ring ochraceous, outer brown, and the whole series bordered inwardly and outwardly by lilacine white lines; finally a slender white subterminal and a broader ochraceous terminal line as on the fore wing.

Female Upperside differs in having a broad, oblique, white, discal band on the fore wing and a spot below its posterior end in interspace 1, the inner border of the band bi-emarginate, the outer irregularly sinuous.. Underside as in the male, but the markings more pronounced, the white discal band on fore wing very prominent. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen brown; antennae preapically black, at apex ochraceous.

Cruiser

Total Photos: 2

Danaid Eggfly

Total Photos: 3

The Danaid Eggfly is a widespread butterfly. It is well known for polymorphism. Males are blackish with distinctive white spots that are fringed in blue.

Dark Blue Tiger

Total Photos: 1

Dark Evening Brown

Total Photos: 2

Dark-branded Bushbrown

Total Photos: 2

Dot-dash Sergeant

Total Photos: 1

Double-branded Crow

Total Photos: 1

Gaudy Baron

Total Photos: 3

Glad-eye Bushbrown

Total Photos: 1

Glassy Tiger

Total Photos: 1

UP has a bluish white transparent marking on dark brown. FW is pale with two streaks divided lengthwise by two fine dark lines. UN paler.

Great Eggfly

Total Photos: 2

The Great Eggfly is a black-bodied butterfly with a wingspan of about 70–85 mm. The upper side of the wings are jet black, offset with three pairs of white spots & two on the forewing and one on the hind. These white spots are surrounded by purple iridescence. In addition, the upper side of the hind wing bears a series of small white dots.

The upper side of the wings of the female is a brownish black and does not have any spots like those of the male. The edges bear white markings which are similar to those of the Common Indian Crow.

Grey Count

Total Photos: 1

Grey Pansy

Total Photos: 3

The Grey Pansy found in South Asia. Upperside of both sexes pale lavender-brown, apical half of wings paler. Fore wing: cell with, three transverse, short, sinuous black bands, the outermost defining the discocellulars; a similar short, somewhat broader band beyond apex of cell; two transverse discal dusky black fasciae, the inner highly sinuous and outward, angulate above vein 4, the outer straighter, somewhat lunular, bordered by a series of whitish ovals with dusky or black centres.

Indian Tortoiseshell

Total Photos: 1

Upperside of forewings with the basal half of costa and termen pale brown, the former flecked with pale yellow, the latter bordered inwardly by a narrow darker brown band bearing a series of black lunules; outwardly traversed by sinuous slender subterminal and more slender terminal black lines. Hindwing has the basal half dusky brown, covered posteriorly with long brown hairs ; anteriorly beyond the bases of veins 5, 6 and 7 black, followed by a broad red band anteriorly turning to yellow; a broad terminal brown band, traversed by a series of black-bordered blue lunules, and beyond them by very slender inner and outer black sinuous lines. Underside brown, with closely set transverse short black striae; basal half of wings clouded with dark purplish brown, the outer margin of the dark portion defined by a highly sinuous jet-black transverse line, most distinct on the hind wing, and also crossed, nearer the base of the wings, by two or three similar, much interrupted lines ; terminal half of the wings paler, with two dark irregular patches below costa of fore wing ; finally a sinuous transverse subterminal narrow dark blue band across both fore and hind wings, bordered on both sides by slender black lines, widening into spots on the veins of the fore wing. This band is more distinct in the female than in the male.

Joker

Total Photos: 2

Knight

Total Photos: 1

Large Yeoman

Total Photos: 1

Lemon Pansy

Total Photos: 4

It is brown with numerous eye-spots as well as black and lemon-yellow spots and lines on the upperside of the wings. The underside is a dull brown, with a number of wavy lines and spots in varying shades of brown and black. There is also an eyespot on the lower side of the forewing.

Leopard Lacewing

Total Photos: 2

Magpie Crow

Total Photos: 2

Malabar Tree-Nymph

Total Photos: 1

Nigger

Total Photos: 2

Orsotriaena medus is a medium-sized butterfly with wingspan of 45 to 55 mm. The butterfly is dark brown above with a thin marginal pale border. The upper hindwing having a thin submarginal line. There are no eye-spots on the upper side of the wings.

It is native to India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, South Yunnan, Malaysia, the Indonesian archipelago, the Philippines, New Guinea, New Britain and Australia.

The larvae feed on grasses, including rice plants, sugarcanes , and para grass. They are predominantly crepuscular, but can sometimes be active during daytime.

Orange Oakleaf

Total Photos: 1

Painted Lady

Total Photos: 4

Painted Lady is a well-known colorful butterfly. This butterfly has a strange pattern of flying in a sort of screw shape. It is one of the most widespread of all butterflies, found on every continent except Antarctica and South America.

Based on experimental data, it appears that the Painted Lady’s migration pattern in Northern Europe does not follow a strict northwest heading. The range of headings suggests that migrating butterflies may adjust their migration patterns in response to local topographical features and weather, such as strong wind patterns.

Peacock Pansy

Total Photos: 3

The Peacock Pansy found in South Asia. It exists in two distinct adult forms, which differ chiefly in the patterns on the underside of the wings; the dry-season form has few markings, while the wet-season form has additional eyespots and lines. The adult butterfly has a wingspan of 54–62 mm and exhibits seasonal polyphenism.

Plain Tiger

Total Photos: 4

The Plain Tiger is a common butterfly which is widespread in Asia and Africa. It is a medium-sized butterfly with a wingspan of about 7–8 cm. The body is black with many white spots. The wings are tawny the upper side being brighter and richer than the underside. The apical half of the fore wing is black with a white band. The hind wing has 3 black spots around the center. The hind wing has a thin border of black enclosing a series of semicircular white spots.

Powdered Baron

Total Photos: 1

Red Lacewing

Total Photos: 1

Rustic

Total Photos: 1

The rustic is a species of brush-footed butterfly found in forested areas of tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia.

The upper side of the butterfly is ochraceous light brown.

Its fore-wing displays some loop-like, slender, dark cellular markings with a broad, somewhat curved, transverse yellow discal band from costa to vein 1, not reaching the termen, broadening posteriorly.

The hind-wing features a transverse sinuous and very slender black line, followed by a slender and somewhat lunular line, a transverse discal series of five black spots in interspaces 2 to 6, a postdiscal medially disjointed series or broad black lunules, a subterminal series of similar but straighter lunules, and a narrow terminal black band.

The underside of the wing is much paler. The discal band on the fore wing is also much paler, the black on the apical area replaced by pale brownish ochraceous; there are some obscure marking in the cells of both the fore and hind-wings.

Short-banded Sailer

Total Photos: 1

Small Yellow Sailer

Total Photos: 1

Staff Sergeant

Total Photos: 1

Streaked Baron

Total Photos: 2

Striped Blue Crow

Total Photos: 1

Sullied Sailer

Total Photos: 1

Tamil Yeoman

Total Photos: 1

Tawny Coster

Total Photos: 2

The Tawny Coster is a small leathery winged butterfly which is common in grassland and scrub habitats. It has a weak fluttery flight. It is avoided by most insect predators. Upperside tawny. Fore wing: a transverse black spot in cell, and another irregular, oblique and broader at the disco-cellulars. Underside: ground-colour ochraceous yellow or a paler tawny yellow. Fore wing paling to whitish on the apex, with the black markings as on the upper side but somewhat blurred and diffuse.

Wing expanse of 53–64 mm.

Tawny Rajah

Total Photos: 3

Unbroken Sergeant

Total Photos: 1

White-bar Bushbrown

Total Photos: 2

Wizard

Total Photos: 1

Yellow Pansy

Total Photos: 2

The Yellow Pansy is usually seen in open scrub and grassland habitats. The male upperside is bright yellow. The costa of the forewing has a broad triangular jet-black projection downwards at the discocellulars, and the dorsum has a triangular projection upwards near the tornus; this black margin narrows near the middle of the termen and bears on the apex two short transverse preapical white streaks crossed by the black veins. Below these is an obscure ocellus that is sometimes absent. The anterior half and the terminal margin of the hind wing is black, and the dorsum is broadly shaded with brown while the anterior black area has a large brilliant blue spot. The cilia of both fore and hind wings are white alternated with brown.

The larva has a Ground-color dark brown or grey with a broad dorsal stripe formed of minute white and blue spots, spines black. The pupa is dull reddish, with an obtuse head in front. The thorax is dorsally convex and the abdomen has a dorsal and lateral row of small blackish points.